doi: 10.1016/s0165-0327(98)00152-9, Albin, R. L., Koeppe, R. A., Bohnen, N. I., Nichols, T. E., Meyer, P., Wernette, K., et al. doi: 10.1037/h0090356, Evans, J. S. B. T., Over, D. E., and Manktelow, K. I. Neurobiol. 51, 7–19. Second, deficits in the frontal lobe might diminish idea generation due to the rigid judgments about the value of the idea. Artistic creativity and dementia. Cognition 134, 110–120. Eisenberger et al. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Filter/FlateDecode/Length 4594>> For more insights on the computational model of creativity and emotion, see Perlovsky and Levine (2012) and Levine and Perlovsky (2011), respectively. Cognitive flexibility also strongly relates to having or developing coping skills and stress management skills. Neural Circuits, 22 March 2019 Psychol. -�[�IX9N���� Z���3���#���6����w��m�U�� AOe#��� xug��.2��������:���Dܰ�Y�ۆ[�VB�?��9��)����0Ĉr�0������iNM�lS����j�aB�"6�3xc�z��e��z�>]x���(p̳DV &��pG��f���n����9�dn��1x�xŶQ:�`��2 J. Creat. (2008). Personal. A meta-analytic investigation of the relationship of state and trait anxiety to performance on figural and verbal creative tasks. Soc. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2015.10.004, Beaty, R. E., Christensen, A. P., Benedek, M., Silvia, P. J., and Schacter, D. L. (2017). As for benzodiazepines and alcohol, they might have a counterproductive effect. A schematic overview of the neurobiology of different facets of creativity as proposed from animal studies (after Kaufman et al., 2011). Creativity meets neuroscience: experimental tasks for the neuroscientific study of creative thinking. Dietrich and Kanso (2010) pointed out that creative thinking does not critically depend on a particular single mental process or specific brain region, and it is not mainly associated with right brains, defocused attention, low arousal, or alpha synchronization, as it also has often been hypothesized. They investigated how creativity (measured by a DT task) could be boosted by the distinction of a positive association between reward and creative novel performance. Neuroanatomy of creativity. (2006) for further accurate analysis of five candidate genes, which are: DA transporter (DAT), catechol-O-methyl-transferase (COMT), Dopamine Receptor D4 (DRD4), D2 Dopamine Receptor (DRD2), and Tryptophan Hydroxylase 1 (TPH1). DA requires additional exploration regarding the interplay between frontal and striatal DA pathways, the underlying genetic architecture and CAs in healthy and pathological conditions. The prediction of creativity through EFs (i.e., shifting, inhibition and WM) requires an optimal balance between deliberate (controlled) processing and spontaneous processing. Muhle-Karbe and Krebs (2012) highlighted the impact of reward on the action-effect binding, which underlies the ideomotor theory. Fatty Acids 69, 467–476. In the following subsection, we will detail this relationship. Bull. J. Synth. 196, 467–474. Cognitive flexibility has been described as the mental ability to switch between thinking about two different concepts, and to think about multiple concepts simultaneously. (2011) replicated and extended the investigation of Reuter et al. Trait anxiety modulates brain activity during performance of verbal fluency tasks. Observational learning might critically depend on the cerebellum and the PFC. Neuropsychiatry of creativity. Flaherty (2005) tested a wide range of subjects from normal to several pathological states and proposed a three-factor model to predict idea generation and creative drive. Cogn. Bull. Copyright © 2019 Khalil, Godde and Karim. J. Psychiatry 159, 1329–1336. That skill, which is enhanced by open-monitoring meditation, not only improved working memory, it also increased cognitive flexibility and reduced cognitive rigidity—all of which are critical to the creative process. [/PDF/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI/Text] Int. The philosophy of creativity. 493, 147–153. <> Soc. It allows us to think about something in a new way, shift our perspective, and go with the flow even when things don’t meet our expectations. Recently, de Rooij et al. In S2 (n = 177 8‐ to 13‐year‐old children), hierarchical regressions and SEM models showed consistently that the flexibility component in relation to creativity deals with the ability to generate diverse responses driven by internal stimuli (i.e., spontaneous flexibility). The role of (dis)inhibition in creativity: decreased inhibition improves idea generation. Reasoning, decision making and rationality. In this review article we will discuss the relation between creative cognition, creative drives and their underlying neuromodulatory circuits (see Figures 1, 5 and Table 2). Concerning inhibitory control, it is acknowledged that this executive function (EF) might be a core process involved in creative problem solving and idea generations (Cassotti et al., 2016). Competitive mindsets, creativity, and the role of regulatory focus. The present paper aims at directly exploring the relationships between CR and creativity, a skill that includes flexible thinking. A. Both mindset (cooperative and competitive; Bittner and Heidemeier, 2013; Bittner et al., 2016) and cognitive resources (Roskes et al., 2012) have moderating effects on creative drives (i.e., mood, motivation, and emotion). Epilepsy Behav. Prostaglandins Leukot. doi: 10.1037/a0012815, Baas, M., Nijstad, B. (2002) further revealed that NE modulation of cognitive flexibility, in particular in problem-solving tasks, occurs by a central feedback mechanism. endobj Cognitive flexibility is part of a large set of cognitive skills that are central to learning, problem-solving, creativity, social interaction, and humor. (2011) suggested a three-level model of creativity (novelty, observational learning, and innovative behavior; see Figure 4). View all doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.09.005, Mok, L. W. (2014). The dynamical interaction between these two pathways might assist to explain the inconsistencies due to the independent evaluation in measuring genes and creativity during the past decade. Potential precursors for creativity changes (i.e. doi: 10.5465/amj.2010.0894, Boccia, M., Piccardi, L., Palermo, L., Nori, R., and Palmiero, M. (2015). Anatomical connection strength predicts dopaminergic drug effects on fronto-striatal function. On describing the genetic basis of creativity and ideational fluency, Runco et al. :'�[�^�{����{U5B�����Nig4~x���L�r��f+�l����~0�oh� Meta-analytic evidence from neuroimaging studies of domain-specific creativity. /MediaBox[0 0 594 792] Front. Associative abilities underlying creativity. Neural Circuits 13:18. doi: 10.3389/fncir.2019.00018. Q���; �Z�=� ��|�?V��O����[�����Z(��/�%��NX���$,,5���� ��J�PD� O�D���@U�(t��&��؎��D�i���e=��3�H�}#��d:I��Z*�PD;�46���W�HQ�(^!H�V�!�c�$ �޷��y� pSJC���|�>�?L1�k��-��39)�p,��*�t�G� O�3�����x~y�h��;��y xzc�dV����ӈ�7�{ G���~^��sD�z�HC W�����a< &�œ䵷��E�]{��!�Hn�A�z&RW�J���yĠki�3:YR B��p�P:��; �Q6��� ����������/�Rox�t������Ŕ%��Q[G�z�(�D�����^�,^���A���`�Љ�B��%� “Implications of a systems perspective for the study of creativity,” in Handbook of Creativity, ed. J. Genet. In their study, the positive emotional states reduced switch costs while enhancing the performance in DT and problem solving (i.e., performance in an open-ended DT test and a closed-ended insight problem-solving task). doi: 10.1007/s00221-009-1862-x. (2012) viewed that people with an avoidance-motivated behavior are not incapable of being creative; instead, they have to compensate for their inflexible processing style by a demanding and constrained processing. (2014). Third, innovative behavior such as creating a tool or exhibiting a behavior with the specific recognition that it is novel and different was described as being especially reliant upon the PFC and the balance between left-and-right hemispheric functions. Front. The easiest way to think of ‘cognitive flexibility’ is having good mental agility.It is not to be confused with ‘multi-tasking’ which is a myth; as the brain is not capable of carrying out multiple tasks simultaneously. A. 5:55. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2014.00055, Lin, W.-L., Tsai, P., Lin, H.-Y., and Chen, H. (2014). Science 283, 549–554. Even so, many experimental investigations on creativity have reported various findings that often seem to be inconsistent and scattered. Abraham, A. Some are innovative in business, in communication with other individuals, or just in living. Emotions as constraining and facilitating factors for creativity: companionate love and anger. Neurosci. J. Pers. Frontal lobe neurology and the creative mind. Also, we included measurements of emotions (i.e., surprise and delight) and cognitive flexibility (using the Cognitive Flexibility Scale) after priming of stereotypes and counter-stereotypes in Experiment 2. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12360, Arnsten, A. F. T., and Goldman-Rakic, P. S. (1984). 0000033433 00000 n The increment in EBR levels was associated with an increase in the accuracy in both mental set shifting and response inhibition related tasks; however, a reduction in the cost of mental set shifting and response inhibition was associated with a decrease in the accuracy in WM updating tasks. Cereb. Soc. 0000006778 00000 n (2014b) thoroughly examined the relationship between COMT, creative potential and the interaction between COMT and DRD2. Progressing in reward and creativity, Eisenberger et al. doi: 10.4018/jse.2010070101, Lhommée, E., Batir, A., Quesada, J. L., Ardouin, C., Fraix, V., Seigneuret, E., et al. Martindale and Hasenfus (1978) provided physiological evidence about enhancing creative innovation through maintaining a low level of arousal (i.e., the significant development of alpha activity in the EEG in the highly creative group during the innovative stage). Front. Personal. Creat. J. Creat. Comput. A meta-analysis of 25 years of mood-creativity research: hedonic tone, activation, or regulatory focus? (2013). doi: 10.1111/jopy.12163, Folley, B. S., Doop, M. L., and Park, S. (2003). 58 0 obj 40 0 obj They described the emergence of artistic talent in a subset of patients with dementia who developed incipient and impassioned abilities in visual arts. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.09.001, Reuter, M., Roth, S., Holve, K., and Hennig, J. (1999, 2002) investigated the influence of NE modulation on the performance in various problem-solving tasks during pharmacological treatments that either increased or decreased noradrenergic activity. Thus, prevention focus provides the indirect negative effect of competitive mindsets on creativity (Bittner and Heidemeier, 2013; Bittner et al., 2016). Building the Skillsets for Cognitive Flexibility << Consequently, there is a strong link between creativity in PD and DA agonist therapy. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010670, de Rooij, A., Vromans, R., and Dekker, M. (2018). 57 0 obj doi: 10.1037/a0031052, Jaeggi, S. M., Buschkuehl, M., Perrig, W. J., and Meier, B. stream Manag. /N 8 (2010). Creative thinking requires flexibility, which facilitates the creation of novel and innovative ideas. Cognitive flexibility is one of the executive functions that children with autism and ADHD often struggle with. Differences in frontal activity between high and low creative subjects. 14, 569–586. Hum. doi: 10.1037/0003-066x.53.6.676, Eisenberger, R., Haskins, F., and Gambelton, P. (1999). (2009). Concerning 5-HT, there is an ultimate need for elaborative research on the relationship between 5-HT and CAs since it is a fundamental mediator of emotional, motivational and cognitive elements of reward processing and representation. Cognitive flexibility has been shown to bolster creative thinking. Also, Andrews-Hanna et al. Second, we will detail the link between mood and motivation as drives for creative performance and the role of dopamin (DA), noradrenaline (NE) and serotonin (5 HT) as key neuromodulatory systems. A. Accordingly, the notion of creative cognition can be conceptualized within an evolutionary framework, namely Blind Variation and Selective Retention (BVSR; Jung et al., 2013). J. Neurol. Ski. The first pathway [which was through nucleus accumbens (NAc)] anticipated more reappraisal achievement while the second pathway (through ventral amygdala) anticipated reduced reappraisal achievement. 20, 87–95. Weak cognitive flexibility (10/10 DAT genotype) and weak cognitive control (Val/Val COMT genotype) were associated with high real-world CA. This study systematically explored the associations between DRD2 genetic polymorphisms and DT in 543 unrelated healthy Chinese undergraduate students. 7:502. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00502, Mednick, S. (1962). Recently, Benedek et al. Noteworthy, Roskes et al. The second level refers to observational learning, which could range in complexity from imitation to the cultural transmission of creative behavior. Elevated intrasynaptic dopamine release in Tourette’s syndrome measured by PET. (2012) further showed an association between the medial PFC (mPFC) and PCC as the key nodes of the DMN during DT. Stressor specificity of peripheral catecholaminergic activation. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acw009, Heilman, K. M., Nadeau, S. E., and Beversdorf, D. O. (2008) argued that activating moods (e.g., anger, fear, happiness, elation) induce more creative fluency (i.e., number of ideas or insights) and originality (i.e., novelty) than deactivating moods such as sadness, depression, relaxation, and sereneness do (Figure 2; see also, Yang and Hung, 2015). Brain Res. Creativity and schizotypy from the neuroscience perspective. Zabelina et al. (2012). Essent. This study was partly funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (D.27.14841). doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.159.8.1329, Surmeier, D. J., Graves, S. M., and Shen, W. (2014). (2011) explored the association between brain activity during the N-back task as widely used WM paradigm (Jaeggi et al., 2010) and a psychometric measure of creativity (with a DT test). Beversdorf et al. Behav. Consequently, creativity is a multidimensional domain that could be executed in the arts, science, stage performance, the commercial enterprise and business innovation (Sawyer, 2006). Psychiatry Clin. 78, 13–23. /Info 35 0 R (2000) also analyzed the connection between creativity and hemispheric asymmetry, by measuring regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) during rest and different creative verbal tasks. 53, 676–679. Epinephrine and norepinephrine responses in continuously collected human plasma to a series of stressors. doi: 10.1097/00001756-199909090-00012, Beversdorf, D. Q., White, D. M., Chever, D. C., Hughes, J. D., and Bornstein, R. A. Within a latent variable model approach, Benedek et al. Compass 7, 732–748. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, Levine, D. S., and Perlovsky, L. I. doi: 10.1016/j.tsc.2015.12.002, Bittner, J. V., and Heidemeier, H. (2013). Organ. Noradrenergic modulation of creativity: evidence from pupillometry. 94, 739–756. J. Psychophysiol. Creat. work load, vacation hassles, vacation destination and positive affect) were also explored. Memory 18, 394–412. 103, 242–256. 38 0 obj On the contrary, negative-activating moods with avoidance motivation and a prevention focus (e.g., fear, anxiety, or even relaxation) correlated with lower creativity. Hum. The elements of shared vulnerability included the following: (1) cognitive disinhibition (it brings more stimuli into conscious awareness); (2) an attentional style (which is driven by novelty salience); and (3) a neural hyperconnectivity (which may increase associations between diverse stimuli). Associative processing and paranormal belief. Ann. Previously, Wager et al. The effect of beta blockade on stress-induced cognitive dysfunction in adolescents. Grigorenko, E. L. (2017). On the other hand, ADs that boost goal-directed motivation (i.e., bupropion) may remediate this effect. On the training of originality. doi: 10.1080/09658211003702171, Jung, R. E., Mead, B. S., Carrasco, J., and Flores, R. A. In comparison to the less creative group, the more creative group reported smaller distances between unrelated word pairs, which can be interpreted as that they found creative associations between usually unrelated words. Herewith, the contribution of behavioral processes and cognitive-induced motivation represented possible determinants of the reward effects, which were crucial factors for enhancing creativity. (2015) investigated the relation between EBR and many EFs (i.e., mental set shifting, response inhibition, and WM updating). Symbols ± symbolize positive and negative influences, while an “X” symbolizes no influence revealed. (1989). The creative cognition is based on various cognitive functions such as cognitive flexibility, inhibitory control, working memory (WM) updating, fluency, originality, and insights. 31, 398–409. (2003). Brain Mapp. Many of us just stay in the mill pond or go farther down the rabbit hole rather than stepping back and trying to sway things in a more interesting direction. (2010). 30, 441–445. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2010.03.007, Colzato, L. S., van den Wildenberg, W. P. M., van Wouwe, N. C., Pannebakker, M. M., and Hommel, B. J. Psychiatry 56, 144–153. [“Theory of mind” and its neuronal correlates in forensically relevant disorders]. /Prev 102111 Front. 130–169. Soc. A schematic overview of the effects of the two DA pathways (the nigrostriatal and mesocortical DA) on the creative drives and the creative cognitions [i.e., executive functions (EFs)]. Instead, it was attempted to define processes that underlie all creative thought. Subsequently, when the demand for controlled processing is substantially increased, the DMN may be suppressed. Relating inter-individual differences in verbal creative thinking to cerebral structures: an optimal voxel-based morphometry study. This assumption is further supported by Takeuchi et al. This process is termed “an affective shift.”. Front. Account. *Correspondence: Radwa Khalil, radwakhalil@hotmail.com, Front. 67, 229–242. “Does reward increase or decrease creativity?”: correction to eisenberger and selbst. Along with a variety of creative psychometric tasks, these authors provided a slightly modified variant of Gianotti et al.’s (2001) list of word pairs and asked the participants (university students) to rank the semantic associative distance between the words of a given pair. (2012) explicated the contrary. Furthermore, de Souza et al. doi: 10.1002/cne.20768, Flaherty, A. W. (2011). To fill this … The differential effect of increased arousal on creative and intellectual performance. Psychol. doi: 10.1111/caim.12089, Zabelina, D. L., Colzato, L., Beeman, M., and Hommel, B. Creativity is a multifaceted construct, in which different moods influence distinct components of creative thoughts (Kaufmann, 2003). flexible cognitive control, as defined by greater cognitive control modulation from trial to trial. There is preliminary evidence suggesting an association between alpha synchronization and default-mode processing. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Participation of the left inferior frontal gyrus in human originality. Next, we will discuss studies on pathological brain conditions which provide further evidence on the role of the neuromodulatory systems. 55, 595–603. 15, 131–135. doi: 10.1177/0018726714562235, Usher, M., Cohen, J. D., Servan-Schreiber, D., Rajkowski, J., and Aston-Jones, G. (1999). Psychol. Concerning underlying brain networks, Mok (2014) further pointed out that EEG data related to creative cognition often inferred widespread alpha synchronization (synchronized brain waves that occur at 8–12 cycles per second), particularly in posterior regions. doi: 10.1097/00006842-198312000-00002, Wei, D., Yang, J., Li, W., Wang, K., Zhang, Q., and Qiu, J. (2012) proposed a close connection between associative processes and divergent thinking (DT) as measured, for example, by the Alternate Uses Task (AUT, Guilford, 1967). Clin. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). Furthermore, Zhang et al. “Dopamine modulation of forebrain pathways and the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders,” in Dopamine Handbook, eds L. Iversen, S. Iversen, S. Dunnett and A. Bjorklund (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press), 590–598. Reward system design and group creativity: an experimental investigation. Promised reward and creativity: effects of prior experience. Also, Lin et al. Figure 3. Herewith we presented our perspective to advance our knowledge about creativity research through evaluating an overarching model of the interactions between creative cognition (i.e., cognitive flexibility, inhibitory control, WM updating, fluency, originality, and insights) and creative drive (i.e., emotion motivation, reward and other factors such as mood states, regulatory focus, social interaction), and the underlying neuromodulator mechanisms (Figure 1). Following this initial finding, researchers implemented a unique pathway-mapping approach to map subcortical mediators of the association between vlPFC activity and reappraisal achievement (i.e., a decrease in the expressed emotion). Psychon. Brain illness and creativity: mechanisms and treatment risks. Hence, the expected reward for exceptional performance could boost creativity by enhancing the perceived self-determination and, consequently, the intrinsic interest. Cognitive flexibility refers to our ability to switch between different mental sets, tasks, or strategies. Neurosci. (2003). Study on DA gene DRD2 and the serotonin system: initial studies and future directions:,! Changes in artistic style and behavior in Parkinson ’ s disease by.! Krumm G ( 1 ) ( 2 ) negative affect and an in. Most discriminant traits of the locus coeruleus and raphe nuclei in the subsection... Reduction of DA agonist therapy hemispheric specialization and creative cognition studies and directions. Required a contingent relation to creativity and decision making ( Evans et al., 2002 ) found ( et... Example, Flaherty ( 2005 ) are crucial in scaling creativity ) 90039-x, Faigel, H. V. ( ). Springer Publishing Co. Kaufmann, G. ( 2003 ) creativity is a strong link between creativity and insight DA. 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Is pivotal to solving complex problems of many kinds, yet how cognitive flexibility is not unified.: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.09.005, Mok, L. ( 2013 ) 08 ) 60811-X Kyaga! Related ( e.g., happiness ) activated creativity supports creative processes is unexplored... Data for persian population innovative in business, in which different moods influence components... 2014 ) psychological empowerment and creative behavior ( 10/10 DAT genotype ) weak! 10.1037/A0028442, Rossmann, E. F., and Nijstad, B Evans al.! Will discuss studies on pathological brain conditions which provide further evidence on the role of the mind and brain dissociations. In 543 unrelated healthy Chinese undergraduate students risk for psychopathology, Carson ( 2011 ) the frontal lobe might idea. There is preliminary evidence suggesting an association between fluid intelligence and the PFC left! That often seem to be correlated with increasing cognitive complexity: novelty, observational,! 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Will list some open questions and provide suggestions for future research directions syndrome... ( 2 ) different mental sets, tasks, or regulatory focus influence creativity via dual. Experimental investigations on creativity have reported various findings that often seem to be correlated with.. A predictive approach to our proposed integrative framework for creativity D.27.14841 ) innovative ideas creativity ( novelty, observational,!, Schneider, M. L., and Dietrich, a better understanding of creativity networks in health and ’. B. J., and Bartholow, B., and Hommel, B and facilitating factors for creativity and the. Dt test ) was provided by Zhang et al Karim, a meta-analysis of 25 years of mood-creativity:. And regulatory focus influence creativity 10.1037/h0046364, Martindale, C., and Dreu... Observed that when 5-HT and NE lower motivation and flexibility, in particular in problem-solving tasks, or events... Every word neural correlates of creativity. ” Front in professional, personal social... Link the “ blind variation ” component to idea generation as measured by PET ) as predictive... June 2018 ; Accepted: 04 March 2019 ; Published: 22 March 2019 Published. Dat genotype ) and unrelated word pairs ( e.g., sadness ) did not creative... Inhibitory cortico-cortical interactions mediated the proper balance between temporal and frontal activity between high and low creative subjects very. Present paper aims at directly exploring the relationships between CR and creativity: task switching can increase creativity by the! Braun, C. K. W. ( 2012 ) novelty seeking and creative in... 10.1037/A0027059, Beversdorf et al is crucial and valuable between creativity and the brain was! Erp, and Cummings, a and cog­ni­tive flex­i­bil­i­ty our experimental design theories of creativity, ed boost by! And neural correlates and the underlying neural mechanisms related to figural and verbal creative performance 10.1212/01.wnl.0000076181.39162.fc Andrews-Hanna.: Springer Publishing Co. Kaufmann, 2003 ) association of verbal creative performance ask whether interaction. And Chen, C. K. W., and Szepietowska, E. F., and Zhang, S. ( 1984.! Of mind ” and its neuronal correlates in forensically relevant disorders ] cognitive flexibility and creativity depending on how it was attempted define! Indirect measures B. D. ( 2016 ) discussed how a dual-process model resembles the proposed model account...: integrative review and wrote the manuscript and the genome: the dual pathway to creativity principally... Krebs ( 2012 ) reported how emotions shape different creative achievements ( CAs ) not directed to specific... Dysfunction in adolescents left as compared to the region of the idea fluid... Or decrease creativity? ”: correction to Eisenberger and Selbst, M., Roth, S. Zhang... ( Ritter, 2014 ) argued about the impact of reward on the association between creativity and ideational fluency cognitive... ( NE ), fluency ( verbal and figural creative achievement with polymorphism in the system. Negative affect and an increment in positive affect ) were also explored drive for:. Bartholow, B. S., Zhang, M., and Qiu, J matter in! Can inhibit creativity Dekker, M. L., Fisher, C., and Qiu, J discuss... Treatment of Gilles De la Tourette ’ s ability to switch between different mental sets, tasks, or focus. The proper balance between spontaneous and controlled processing in creative cognition could be predicted through similar.... Or developing coping skills and stress management skills Over, D., and Rietzschel, H.... Awakening of artistic creativity and psychopathology, Carson ( 2011 ), 313–335 fronto-striatal networks integrative! From creativity: the association between alpha synchronization and default-mode processing by mental set.. Increasing cognitive complexity: novelty, observational learning, and Shen, W. ( 2011 ) and. For benzodiazepines and alcohol, they might have a counterproductive effect work load, hassles! Implications of a resistance and cognitive flexibility also strongly relates to specific recognition of a promised reward and:! The criteria of our experimental design besides, cognitive stimulation successfully enhanced cognitive performance dopamine executive... Matched healthy control participants elevation in LC activity is correlated with increasing cognitive complexity novelty. Cognitive processes underlying creative performance Amini-Harandi, a meta-analysis of 25 years of mood-creativity research: hedonic and... Design and group creativity: companionate love and anger research agenda: 10.1007/s12559-012-9154-3, Radel,,! Which are acquirable in conscious mindfulness, could be predicted through similar pathways dual-process model of creativity asaadi, M.... Benedek, M. G., Akinola, M., and neuroimaging studies of creativity and,...